Latest Gifts for the techies - 2011

Don't scale down this holiday season. The Withings Wi-Fi Body Scale not only measures your weight, fat mass, lean mass and body-mass index, but will then transmit that data to your an app on your smartphone and chart it out for you. Just what you need after a big meal. $159.00, Withings.com.

Latest Gifts for the techies - 2011

It's not the size of the speakers that matters. The Jawbone Jambox portable wireless speaker delivers crystal clear sound with an output of up to 85 decibels, enough to fill the largest of New York apartments. 199.99, Jawbone.com

Latest Gifts for the techies - 2011

It's time to stop plugging your camera into your computer. The new Eye-Fi memory card has built in wi-fi capabilities that will tranfer photos and videos wirelessly straight from your digital camera straight to your smartphone, iPad or computer. $47.99 - $79.99, JR.com.

Latest Gifts for the techies - 2011

See without being seen, that's the goal of the Spy Net Video Glasses, which can record up to 20 minutes of video with sound. Perfect for the budding young spy in all of us. $29.99, Target.com.

Latest Gifts for the techies - 2011

Make your Skype/GChat experience a pleasurable one with the comfortable Logitech Wireless Headset H800, which connects to all devices via bluetooth and features a built-in equalizer. $99.99, amazon.com.

Tuesday, February 28, 2012

2012 OSCARS: BEST AND WORST ON PARTY

Jennifer Lopez wore one low-cut gown to the 84th Annual Academy Awards and then changed into another for the Vanity Fair after party?

 The singer and actress swapped one cleavage-bearing gown for another after the Academy Awards last night.

After the 42 year-old diva wowed the Oscar audience in a shimmering, skin-tight Zuhair Murad gown that bared her decolletage, she changed into another, even lower cut gown for the celebrity-filled afterparty.

Lopez shed her silvery gown for sparkling burgundy gown with long sleeves and an even more plunging neckline for the Vanity Fair bash in Los Angeles. 

JLO_SPLIT_2_WEB

Singer/actress Jennifer Lopez at the 42nd Annual Grammy Awards in 2000 and the VH1/Vogue fashion awards in 1999

According to Lopez’s stylist, there was no slip - and thoughts to the contrary were just wishful thinking on the part of the viewers.

“The Oscar dress was custom made for Jennifer,” Mariel Haenn told EW. “The dress fit perfectly to her every inch.

The low-cut gown has long been a staple in Lopez’s attention getting fashion arsenal.

In 2000, she caused a serious commotion at the Grammys when she showed up in a sheer, green Versace gown that covered her arms -- and little else.

A year earlier, she tested out the how-low-can-she-go look at the 1999 VH1/Vogue Fashion Awards. 

Monday, February 27, 2012

A man survives two months without food in car - Video

 	A snowed covered car sits roadside in the woods north of Umea in Northern Sweden on February 18, 2012. A man was pulled alive from a snowed-in car on a deserted forest road in northern Sweden where he had been stranded and without food for at least two months in freezing temperatures, police said today. AFP PHOTO / SCANPIX / ROLF HOJER (Photo credit should read Rolf Hojer/AFP/Getty Images)

Peter Skyllberg survived two months without food in this snow-covered car.

A Swedish man somehow survived without food for two months in sub-zero temperatures after being stranded in his snow-covered car, authorities say.

Peter Skyllberg, 44, is "awake and able to communicate" after being pulled from his car on a deserted forest road on Friday, The Guardian newspaper reported on Sunday.

Skyllberg, who told authorities he had been stuck in his car since Dec. 19, says he survived only by eating snow.

“He was in a very poor state when we found him," police officer Ebbe Nyberg told reporters. "He could not speak, just a few broken sentences and the words, 'snow ... eat.'”

Experts are baffled by Skyllberg's tale. Some believe he went into a kind of state of hibernation.

"A bit like a bear that hibernates. Humans can do that," Dr. Stefan Branth told the Swedish newspaper Vasterbottens-Kuriren. "He probably had a body temperature of around 31 degrees (Celsius) which the body adjusted to. Due to the low temperature, not much energy was used up."

Another doctor said the snow-covered car may have served as "the equivalent of an igloo."

"Igloos usually have a temperature of a couple of degrees below zero C (32F) and if you have good clothes you would survive in those temperatures and be able to preserve your body temperature," Dr. Ulf Segerberg told The Guardian. "Obviously he has managed to preserve his body temperature or he wouldn't have made it because us humans can't really stand being cooled down like reptiles, for instance, which can change the body temperature."

Two months is the "upper limit" of how long someone can survive without food, Segerberg said. "This is the case of a lifetime," he told The Independent. 


2012 Oscars:The Artist wins Awards for Best Picture, Director and Actor

 

 'The Artist''s Jean Dujardin takes home the Oscar for Best Actor. 'I love your country,' he cries in joy.

Actor with Award

A black-and-white silent film about old Hollywood made a lot of noise and struck a lot of gold Sunday night at the 84th Annual Academy Awards.

"The Artist" won Best Picture and scored Jean Dujardin the Best Actor Oscar and Michel Hazanavicius Best Director.

"I love your country," Dujardin said, holding up his award for his portrayal of fictional silent-film star George Valentin.

"If George Valentin could speak, he’d say, "Formidable! Merci beaucoup," he said, using French words for "terrific" and "thank you very much."


Sunday, February 26, 2012

Padma Lakshmi's 2 year old daughter funded by Billionaire Teddy Forstmann

 	Padma Lakshmi and Ted Forstmann  were close in 2010, but he did not father her child.

Padma Lakshmi and Ted Forstmann  were close in 2010, but he did not father her child.

The 2-year-old daughter of “Top Chef” host Padma Lakshmi might not have dead billionaire buyout king Teddy Forstmann’s genes, but she will certainly have his cash.

The 71-year-old mogul, who died of cancer last November with an estimated worth of $1.8 billion, left a trust fund for Krishna Lakshmi even though he famously wasn’t her father.

Lakshmi and the silver-haired Forstmann were romantically linked for several years prior to his death. And the couple were together when the model and TV personality gave birth to the girl, who turned 2 on Monday.

In November, a source close to Forstmann told the Daily Mail in London that the investor had been “carrying out the role of father since the moment Krishna was delivered into his arms.”

As a result of his behavior, there was speculation that the private equity investor and IMG chairman was the father. But Krishna’s dad was later revealed to be venture capitalist Adam Dell, the brother of Dell Computer founder Michael Dell.

In January 2011, Dell, whose relationship with Lakshmi reportedly ended in 2009, filed a lawsuit seeking full custody of Krishna and to have his name added to the birth certificate.

Court papers filed in the legal battle reportedly revealed that Lakshmi, 41, had told Dell that she hoped Forstmann would prove to be Krishna’s biological father.

A source familiar with the situation says the lawsuit has since been resolved.

In the will, filed in Manhattan Surrogate’s Court, Forstmann refers to reality cooking show queen Lakshmi as “my friend.”

The document forgives all debts she owed him “representing loans made by me before or after the date of this will.”

The specifics of Krishna’s Trust and any loans Forstmann forgave were not contained in the court files available to the public, however.

The filings include a request from a lawyer for Forstmann’s estate asking that copies of the billionaire’s trusts be kept secret.

Surrogate Judge Kristin Booth Glen approved the will on Feb. 6. 

Facebook apology or jail time - Due to a post on Man's Facebook page

 	A Tuesday, Feb.21 photos shows the Facebook page of Mark Byron, in Cincinatti, Ohio. Byron is involved in a divorce suit with his wife, Elizabeth, that has spilled over into Facebook. Due to a post on his Facebook page about his divorce and custody restrictions in November of 2011, a Hamilton County judge gave Byron the choice of going to jail or apologizing to her on the page for 30 days. He chose the apology, but plans to appeal. (AP Photo/The Enquirer, Liz Dufour) NO SALES

Due to a post on his Facebook page about his divorce and custody restrictions in November of 2011, a Hamilton County judge gave Mark Byron the choice of going to jail or apologizing to her on the page for 30 days. He chose the apology, but plans to appeal.

A man who was threatened with jail time for posting comments about his estranged wife on his personal Facebook page unless he posted daily apologies for a month says the court ruling violates his freedom of speech.

Mark Byron, who is making the apology to avoid 60 days in jail, said Friday night that he believes it's too late for him to appeal the domestic relations court ruling as planned. But the Cincinnati man and free speech and media experts say it should concern other users of the social networking site.

With hundreds of millions of people using Facebook for communication, Byron said that "if they can do this to me, they can do it to others."

The idea "that anybody could tell you what to say to your friends on Facebook should be scary to people," said Cincinnati attorney Jill Meyer, who specializes in free speech and media issues.

The ruling is highly unusual and "troubling because it's a court telling someone to say something to — in some regards — his chosen group of friends," said Meyer. She noted that the comments were not directed to Byron's wife, Elizabeth Byron, who was blocked from accessing the page.

According to the ruling, Byron posted comments on his page in November, saying in part, "If you are an evil, vindictive woman who wants to ruin your husband's life and take your son's father away from him completely — all you need to do is say you're scared of your husband or domestic partner and they'll take him away."

The Byrons are involved in ongoing divorce and child custody proceedings. Byron has said his wife and the court have prevented him from seeing his 17-month-old son many times. The court maintains he is allowed to see him on a twice-weekly basis.

Domestic Relations Magistrate Paul Meyers last month found Byron in contempt of a protective order because of his Facebook comments. Meyers said that Byron could avoid a 60-day jail sentence and a $500 fine by posting the apology — written by Meyers — to his wife and all of his Facebook friends and paying her attorney fees. The same apology must be posted every day no later than 9 a.m.

The June court order prohibited Byron from causing his wife physical or mental abuse, harassment or annoyance. She asked in December that he be found in contempt after learning of the Facebook comments.

Byron's comments expressed frustration, but they were not threats and he didn't make them to his wife, said Cincinnati attorney Jack Greiner, who also specializes in free speech and media issues.

Greiner said he doesn't think the First Amendment "allows a court to find that someone has harassed or caused a person to suffer mental abuse merely by expressing one's opinion about a court proceeding in a non-threatening way."

Greiner said that a court compelling speech through a court-written apology raises as many free speech concerns as actions prohibiting free speech.

The statement that Byron says he has been posting since Feb. 13 has him apologizing to his wife for "casting her in an unfavorable light" and to his Facebook friends for "attempting to mislead them. Byron said the apology forces him to make false statements.

The magistrate's assistant said Friday that Meyers cannot comment on pending court cases. Elizabeth Byron's attorney didn't immediately return calls.

The ruling says several of Mark Byron's comments were "clearly intended to be mentally abusive, harassing and annoying" to his wife and "generate a negative and venomous response toward her from his Facebook friends."

Responses by Facebook friends to his posting caused Elizabeth Byron to be "afraid and concerned," according to court documents.

Byron and his attorney, Becky Ford, say he made his comments out of frustration and never expected his wife to see them since she couldn't access his account.

"Once he made the comments, some of his Facebook friends started making inflammatory comments which he had no control over," Ford said.

His comments were "nothing other than free speech communication where he was venting truthful information," Ford said.

Bryon must appear in court March 19 and show proof that he posted the apology or face jail. 

Whitney Houston’s daughter Bobbi Kristina Brown now under care of grandmother

 	BEVERLY HILLS, CA - FEBRUARY 12: Singer Whitney Houston (L) and Bobbi Kristina Brown arrives at the 2011 Pre-GRAMMY Gala and Salute To Industry Icons Honoring David Geffen at Beverly Hilton on February 12, 2011 in Beverly Hills, California. (Photo by Jason Merritt/Getty Images)

Whitney Houston's troubled daughter is now under the watchful eye of her grandmother Cissy, who is determined not to lose the 18-year-old the way she lost the drug-addled diva.

Bobbi Kristina Brown spent a good part of Monday with the 78-year-old gospel great, a source said.

“In the aftermath of Whitney’s death, she’s running the show,” a second source explained.hit

Cissy Houston “couldn’t do nothing with Whitney and the hangers-on, moochers and enablers that sucked the life out of her,” the second source continued. But “she has the reins of this now.”

Her attitude is, “I’ll be damned if I’m burying my grandbaby.”

Cissy Houston has her work cut out for her.

Bobbi Kristina was found doing drugs after her mom’s glorious sendoff Saturday, The Daily Beast reported — an account Whitney Houston’s camp denied.

An aspiring singer like her mom, Bobbi Kristina is the daughter Whitney Houston had with R&B has-been Bobby Brown. She has been tied to drug use before.

 With both parents battling their own demons, she never got the tough love a child needs sometimes, the second source added.

“Whitney felt bad that she wasn’t present as a mother” in Bobbi Kristina’s life, the source said, “so she treated her like a friend. That was her way to be close to her.”

Jill Fritzo, a spokeswoman for Whitney Houston, would say only, “Bobbi Kristina is with her family and friends who are helping her get through this tough time.”

There were new reports that family members, including Brown, want Bobbi Kristina in rehab. Fritzo said she had not entered a treatment program.

One thing is certain: Bobbi Kristina will likely never hurt for money. Whitney Houston reportedly made $1 million from the upcoming movie “Sparkle,” and her albums have done big business on iTunes and Amazon since her death.

And her Hollywood blockbuster “The Bodyguard” is being released on Blu-ray disc at the end of next month, a release that was already slated before the singer’s death and one that got a stunning boost after the diva’s demise.

The remastered movie starring Kevin Costner will be out March 27 but is selling wildly in preorders. It is third on Amazon.com’s best-seller list, ahead of “The Twilight Saga” and “Downton Abbey.” Only “Mission: Impossible — Ghost Protocol” and “Tora! Tora! Tora!” are more popular.

The family is also now licensing footage from Houston’s funeral to various media outlets. Bobbi Kristina is believed to be her mom’s primary heir. Meanwhile, in Beverly Hills, some of Whitney Houston’s dazzling jewels and beautiful gowns will be up for auction next month.

A trove of mementos, including one of Houston’s black velvet dresses and the earrings she wore in “The Bodyguard,” will form part of the long-planned celebrity sale at Julien’s auctionhouse.

“Her items can increase 10, 20 even 30 times compared to their previous value prior to her death. These items become part of history really,” said auctionhouse owner Darren Julien.

The auction will take place on March 31 and April 1, blocks from the hotel where the star was found dead in a bathtub on the eve of the Grammy Awards. 

Wednesday, February 22, 2012

Children watching films depicting drinking were more likely to try alcohol - By study report

Jason Bateman and Ryan Reynolds get smashed in their film ‘Change Up.’

Movies featuring alcohol use have become a horror show for parents trying to keep their kids from boozing, a shocking new study shows.

Children watching films depicting drinking were more likely to try alcohol than having parents who drank at home, the study found.

The report found that the number of adolescents that drank increased from 11% to 25% when exposed to popular movies with alcohol consumption. The increase in teens who binge-drink from exposure to films showing alcohol spiked from 4% to 13%.

The comprehensive study consisted of confidential telephone surveys of more than 6,500 randomly-selected American adolescents between the ages of 10 to 14 years were interviewed periodically over two years by medical journal BMJ Open.

Each adolescent survey included 50 movies randomly selected from the larger sample of about 500 of current or recent box office hits.

The authors of the report believe the reason movies have an impact on childhood boozing is because of the fact that "alcohol use in movies is typically modeled in positive situations, without negative effects, and often shown with alcohol brands."

Though many of the 6,500 kids were exposed to alcohol at home, the report suggests alcohol in movies has a greater impact in luring the youngsters to booze.

The dangers of children drinking and binge-drinking represents an "important risk factor for risky sexual behavior, injury and mortality" the report finds 

Friday, February 17, 2012

New York Fashion Week 2012

 	Looks from (l. to r) Ralph Lauren, Vivienne Tam and another by Ralph Lauren.

Colorful looks from Vivienne Tam (center) and Ralph Lauren. 

New York is upping its fashion game. At Ralph Lauren, looks included a mix of velvet, wool and cashmere, translated into timeless plaids, fair isle sweaters, tweeds, and flannels. Pops of colors burst in the details with purples and reds.

And let’s not forget the dramatic black-and-gold ostrich feather shawl that surprised showgoers.

Calvin Klein’s girls looked a lot tougher this year with the most leather we’ve seen Francisco Costa use in a while. Almost as if Lisbeth Salander would have donned any of the pieces on the runway. How fitting was it that Rooney Mara was front and center at the showing?

And let’s not forget what established designers like Oscar de la Renta and Donna Karan brought to the runways earlier this week. Their collections reminded us why we fell in love with them in the first place.

De la Renta’s gals wore baby pinks and powder blues — the youngest we’ve seen them — with amazing short skirts, fur shawls, knits. There were also dramatic gowns that we associate with the Dominican cum-New Yorker.

Which brings us to Donna Karan, whose models were New York in every way. A perfect mix between masculine and feminine, the collection was very 1930s, inspired by “The Blue Angel.” Bustier dresses, menswear-inspired, double-breasted coat body jackets, and tailored gowns made for the strongest collection we’ve seen from Karan yet. 

New york city has a new app that tells cell phone users where they can get free condoms.

Looking to get lucky on Valentine’s Day and in need of some protection?

Now there’s an app for that.

The city Health Department Tuesday is unveiling it’s new NYC Condom Finder Services app, which enables New Yorkers with a smart phone to make the smart move before they hook up with their honies.

“New Yorkers are mobile, so we need to reach them both with sexual health information and easy access to service information wherever they are," city Health Commissioner Dr. Thomas Farley said.

Using GPS, the app directs randy New Yorkers to one of the 1,000 centers across the five boroughs where lubricated Lifestyles brand condoms are handed out for free.

SAFE SEX CAN BE GOOD FOR YOU

“We distributed well over 36 million male condoms and 1 million female condoms last year,” said Farley.

Sadly, there isn’t an app to compel a person who can afford to spend hundreds of dollars on a new iPhone to buy a 36-pack of Trojan condoms for $15. 

 



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New york city has a new app that tells cell phone users where they can get free condoms.

Thursday, February 16, 2012

Sex and the City Book author fight in money deal

“Sex and the City” author Candace Bushnell can’t seem to get former manager Clifford Streit out of her life.

Five years ago Bushnell and Streit settled a lawsuit that accused the author of cheating Streit out of payments from the HBO series based on her book.

Streit was paid more than $230,000, as per the settlement, but now he claims he hasn’t seen a dime since 2009.

He filed a lawsuit Wednesday in Manhattan Federal Court, accusing Bushnell of breach of contract, and says he is still owed at least $150,000.

Bushnell’s lawyer, Victor Bushell, said Streit has already gotten all the money he was entitled to. “The action is entirely frivolous,” he said.

Streit was Bushnell’s manager until he was fired in 1999. 

 


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Actress Katherine Heigl shows off her e-cigarette on 'The Late Show with David Letterman'.

E-cig smokers can keep puffing. 

An appeals court is saying the Food and Drug Administration cannot stop imports of electronic cigarettes. 
The FDA wants to regulate e-cigarettes as a drug-device and last year ordered that a shipment could not enter the United States. 

But Sottera Inc. of Arizona, which does business as e-cigarette distributor NJOY, says in a lawsuit that its product cannot be regulated as a drug-device. 

"We're thrilled," Craig Weiss, the president of  theScottsdale, Arizona-based company told Business Week. "Now we can continue to sell e-cigarettes under the regulations of the Tobacco Act."

E-cigarettes operate with a heating element and a battery. Users inhale a vaporized liquid nicotine mixture much the way traditional smokers inhale smoke, but without fire, smoke, ash or carbon monoxide. 

"Some people believe that e-cigarettes are a safe substitute for conventional cigarettes," said study co-author Dr. Prue Talbot, director of UC Riverside's Stem Cell Center. "However, there are virtually no scientific studies on e-cigarettes and their safety. Our study — one of the first studies to evaluate e-cigarettes — shows that this product has many flaws, which could cause serious public health problems in the future if the flaws go uncorrected." 

 

 


 

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Smokeless cigarette injures a man's face in Florida

FILE - TO GO WITH CIGARRILLOS ELECTRONICOS - In this May 31, 2011 file photo, Cliff Phillips, a 61-year-old retiree and former smoker, enjoys his electronic cigarette at home in Cuba, Ill., Tuesday, May 31, 2011. Electronic cigarettes like the one used by Phillips are at the middle of a social and legal debate over whether it’s OK to "light up" in places where regular smokes are banned. E-cigarettes, which are gaining popularity and scrutiny worldwide, are plastic and metal devices that heat a liquid nicotine solution in a disposable cartridge, creating vapor that the "smoker" inhales. (AP Photo/Seth Perlman, file)

PENSACOLA, Fla. — A Florida man trying to quit smoking was puffing an electronic cigarette when a faulty battery caused it to explode in his mouth, severely injuring him, fire officials said Wednesday.

The shocking blast took out some of the man's front teeth and a chunk of his tongue and severely burning his face, fire officials said Wednesday.

“The best analogy is like it was trying to hold a bottle rocket in your mouth when it went off,” said Joseph Parker, division chief for the North Bay Fire Department. “The battery flew out of the tube and set the closet on fire.”

Fire Chief Joseph Miller said the victim contacted the department on Wednesday to thank firefighters and told them he was recovering at a hospital in Mobile, Ala., and anticipated being released later in the day.

Officials have not publicly identified him, citing department policy. But a Facebook page under the name of 57-year-old Tom Holloway of Niceville was filled with well-wishers commenting on the injury and database searches matched his address on the fire report with his name.

Holloway was in his office at home when the device exploded, leaving behind burned carpet, chair cushions, pictures and office equipment. A scorched battery case found on a piece of melted carpet appears to be one for a cigar-sized device, the report said.

Those in the house with him rushed to his aid in the smoke-filled room and tried to put the fire out with salt, the report said. Holloway and his family members didn’t immediately answer The Associated Press’ requests for interviews.

Investigators do not know the brand of cigarette, type of battery or age of the device, Parker said. It appears the battery was rechargeable lithium because a recharging station and other batteries were in the room, he said.

Parker has forwarded information about the blaze to the fire marshal’s office to include in any databases on the devices. But Parker said he has yet to hear of any similar instances. Holloway agreed to let firefighters take the burned case and other, undamaged ones with them as examples for reporting to a national database, according to the report.

But Holloway has asked for the burned case back. Parker said it could be used as evidence in any litigation, although Holloway did not indicate why he wanted it returned, Parker said. Thomas Kiklas, co-founder of the Tobacco Vapor Electronic Cigarette Association, said the industry knows of no problems with the
cigarettes or batteries exploding.

Kicklas said the rigid, plastic cigarettes include a small battery and cartridge. The battery is designed to generate an electric charge when the device is inhaled. The charge sets off vapor in the
cigarette tube. The nicotine-filled mist gives the taste and experience of smoking without the smoke. Kiklas cited a federal report that found 2.5 million Americans used electronic cigarettes last year.

“There have been billions and billions of puffs on the cigarettes and we have not heard of this happening before,” he said. Fire officials said the victim told them that he was trying to stop smoking, which is why he was puffing on the electronic version.

However, the industry does not claim electronic cigarettes allow smokers to kick the habit, just that they are a healthier alternative to traditional cigarettes because they have fewer chemicals, Kiklas said. The Food and Drug Administration posted a warning about the cigarettes on its website in October saying that e-
cigarettes were addictive, could contain dangerous chemicals like nicotine and might encourage kids to try other tobacco products. 


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Tuesday, February 14, 2012

Women Are the More Sensitive Sex

It has long been known that certain pain-related conditions, likefibromyalgia, migraine and irritable bowel syndrome, are more common in women than in men. And chronic pain after childbirth is surprisingly common; the Institute of Medicine recently found that 18 percent of women who have Caesarean deliveries and 10 percent who have vaginal deliveries report still being in pain a year later.

But new research from Stanford University suggests that even when men and women have the same condition — whether it’s a back problem, arthritis or asinus infection — women appear to suffer more from the pain.

There is an epidemic of chronic pain: Last year, the Institute of Medicineestimated that it afflicts 116 million Americans, far more than previously believed. But these latest findings, believed to be the largest study ever to compare pain levels in men and women, raise new questions about whether women are shouldering a disproportionate burden of chronic pain and suggest a need for more gender-specific pain research.

The study, published Monday in The Journal of Pain, analyzes data from the electronic medical records of 11,000 patients whose pain scores were recorded as a routine part of their care. (To obtain pain scores, doctors ask patients to describe their pain on a scale from 0, for no pain, to 10, “worst pain imaginable.”)

For 21 of 22 ailments with sample sizes large enough to make a meaningful comparison, the researchers found that women reported higher levels of pain than men. For back pain, women reported a score of 6.03, men 5.53. For joint and inflammatory pain, it was women 6.00, men 4.93. Women reported significantly higher pain levels with diabetes, hypertension, ankle injuries and even sinus infections.

For several diagnoses, women’s average pain score was at least one point higher than men’s, which is considered a clinically meaningful difference. Over all, their pain levels were about 20 percent higher than men’s.

Unfortunately, the data don’t offer any clues as to why women report higher pain levels. One possibility is that men have been socialized to be more stoic, so they underreport pain. But the study’s senior author, Dr. Atul Butte, an associate professor at Stanford’s medical school, said that explanation probably did not account for the gender gap.

“While you can imagine such a bias,” he said, “across studies, across thousands of patients, it’s hard to believe men are like this. You have to think about biological causes for the difference.”

An extensive 2007 report by the International Association for the Study of Pain cited studies showing that sex hormones may play a role in pain response. In fact, some of the gender differences, particularly regardingheadache and abdominal pain, begin to diminish after women reachmenopause.

Research also suggests that men and women have different responses toanesthesia and pain drugs, reporting different levels of efficacy and side effects. That bolsters the idea that men and women experience pain differently.

One reason for the lack of information about sex differences is that many pain studies, in both animals and humans, are done only in males. One analysis found that 79 percent of the animal studies published in a pain journal over a decade included only male subjects, compared with 8 percent that used only female animals.

In addition, experiments testing pain in men and women have shown that they typically have different thresholds for various types of pain. In general, women report higher levels of pain from pressure and electrical stimulation, and less pain when the source is from heat.

Melanie Thernstrom, a patient representative on the Institute of Medicine pain committee from Vancouver, Wash., said the newest research “really highlights the need for more treatment and better treatment that is gender-specific, and the need for far more research to really understand why women’s brains process pain differently than men.”

Some researchers believe the pain experience for women may be even more complicated. Women who have given birth, for instance, may have a different threshold for “worst pain ever,” causing them to underreport certain types of pain. The bottom line, Dr. Butte said, is that far too little is known about how men and women experience pain and that more study is needed so that, ultimately, pain treatment can be customized to each patient’s needs.

“If doctors have a threshold for when they give a dose or start a medication,” he said, “you could imagine that the number they are using is too high or too low because a person may be in more pain than they are saying.

“In the end, it comes down to what the brain perceives as pain.”


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